Engineering degrees have been and will continue to be one of the most popular undergraduate degrees in India for years to come. The most common doubt of all engineering trainees concerns the course of study. The students are always unsure about the engineering courses/specialties/fields/disciplines. Interest and aptitude for the engineering stream is something that really counts. Choosing an engineering discipline can be very difficult. The aspirants are often confused as to whether to choose a stream of their choice or a reputable institute.
To answer these questions, we have listed different engineering industries based on previous trends and the preferences of other engineering aspirants.
1. Computer Engineering (CSE):
Nowadays we are progressing towards computerization and modernization in our social and professional life. CSE is one of the most sought-after disciplines in engineering courses. It includes the design and understanding of computational processes and programming languages.
Subjects: In CSE, in addition to the elementary engineering subjects, the core subjects of the branch data structure, database management system, artificial intelligence, computer networks, operating systems, object-oriented programming, system programming, data communication, etc.
Career Opportunities: The job opportunities in CSE are huge. After completing CSE degree, one can work in database management, embedded systems, IT, telecommunications, multimedia, computer hardware and software implementation, computer hardware and software maintenance, gaming, web design and other related industries. It’s a broad field to work in both the private and public sectors.
Areas of expertise: CSE has the expanded field when it comes to specialization. The specialization subjects are computer architecture and organization, database systems, electronics, operating systems, networks, fundamentals of computer systems, Java programming and website design, e-commerce & ERP and multimedia applications. For post graduate students also prefer Masters in Business Administration (MBA) for better job opportunities.
Companies: Some of the companies hiring CSE engineers are Microsoft, Google, Yahoo, Amazon, IBM, Facebook, Oracle, Cisco, Infosys, TCS, and Wipro.
2. Electrical Engineering and Electronics (EEE):
This branch includes the study of a variety of technologies. These engineers are responsible for designing, developing, testing and supervising the production of electrical and electronic equipment and machinery. Broadcasting and telecommunications systems, electric motors, controls of machines, lighting and wiring in building complexes, vehicles, airplanes, radar and navigation systems, power generation, control and transmission equipment used by electric utility companies are examples of devices built by these engineers became .
Subjects: In addition to the basic engineering subjects, the core subjects include power engineering, control systems, digital electronics, electrical measurement technology and instrumentation, electromagnetic field theory, etc.
Career Opportunities: This industry has many opportunities in the government sector. You can work in steel mills, railways, on construction sites or deal with automated systems where power supply and distribution plays an important role.
Areas of expertise: The EEE graduates can choose to pursue postgraduate studies in subjects such as communications, computer hardware, computer software, control systems, electromagnetics, electronic design, optics, power systems, remote sensing and space systems, semiconductor devices, signal and image processing, etc.
Companies: Some of the good companies offering electrical or electronics internships are Wipro Lighting Corporate, Schnider Electric, Bajaj Electricals Limited, Siemens, Alstom Corporate, Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited., Crompton Greaves, Havells India Limited, ABB India Limited, EMCO Limited , HBM energy system, etc.
3. Mechanical Engineering (ME):
This discipline applies the principles of engineering, physics, and materials science to the design, analysis, manufacture, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, manufacture and operation of machines. It is one of the oldest and most comprehensive engineering disciplines.
Mechanical engineering requires an understanding of core areas such as mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis and electricity.
Subjects: In addition to the basic engineering subjects, core subjects are thermodynamics, materials engineering, production design, fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer, control engineering, production and business administration, computer-aided design, machine design, etc.
Career Opportunities: The career opportunities for ME graduates are huge. These engineers may work with Industrial Systems on manufacturing, while others may work in product design for an automaker or even a toy company. Mechanical engineers can work in the thermal power industry, the gas turbine industry, the air conditioning and refrigeration industry, the oil and gas exploration and refining industry, the agricultural sector, the education sector, aviation companies, the shipping industry, the aerospace industry, the armed forces, pharmaceuticals, the automotive industry and others work many others. A teaching degree is also possible after mechanical engineering.
Areas of expertise: Students can opt for M.Tech/ME in the specializations of production engineering, industrial engineering, thermal engineering, automotive engineering, mechanical engineering and fluid mechanics.
Companies: Some of the leading government companies hiring mechanical engineers are ISRO, BHEL, NTPC, BARC, DRDO, SAIL, etc. The leading private companies are L&T, Brahmos Aerospace, Maruti Suzuki, Tata Motors/Tata Group, Mahindra Group, General Motors India, Bajaj Automobile , Godrej & Boyce, Mercedes Benz India, John Deere, Thermax etc.
4. Civil Engineering:
Civil engineering is one of the finest and oldest branches of engineering. It includes the design, construction, development and monitoring of tunnels, roads, buildings, highways, dams and sewage systems.
Subjects: In addition to the elementary engineering subjects, the core subjects are surveying, building materials, construction and urban planning, water management and irrigation, structural engineering, foundation engineering, etc.
Career Opportunities: Civil engineering offers a wide range of opportunities in different areas. You can seek employment in construction projects carried out by the government. These projects are mainly public development works such as airports, highways, sewers and railways. Engineers from this field can also work in research and teaching. You can also start your own business and provide construction, design and maintenance services.
Areas of expertise: Civil engineering is a deep field of technical education. It has various specializations after completing B.Tech degree. The sub-disciplines are Material Science & Engineering, Construction Engineering, Structural Engineering, Surveying, Control Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Earthquake Engineering etc.
Companies: Some of the reputable companies that hire civil engineers are Emmar Properties, PCC, Shapoorji & Pallonji, European Contracting, White Young, etc.
5. Aerospace Engineering:
Aerospace engineering is the most challenging and interesting career option. Students interested in rockets, satellites, and airplanes usually choose aerospace engineering. It deals with the development of new technologies in the fields of aviation, space and defense systems. It includes the development and manufacture of high-tech systems.
Aerospace engineering is classified into two branches – aerospace engineering and aerospace engineering. Aeronautical Engineering specializes in airplanes, missiles and helicopters. On the other hand, astronautical engineering includes space shuttles, rockets and space stations.
Subjects: In addition to the basic engineering subjects, the core subjects include aerodynamics, aircraft structure, fluid mechanics, propulsion, production and assembly drawings, flight dynamics, etc.
Career Opportunities: As an aerospace engineer, it is very important to determine the area of interest – whether one is interested in aerospace engineering or astronautical engineering. Both sectors offer excellent job opportunities. Jobs for these engineers exist in airlines, the Air Force, corporate research firms, the Department of Defense, helicopter companies, aerospace companies, NASA, and many others.
Areas of expertise: Students can choose to pursue a postgraduate degree with a specialization in aerodynamics, aerospace structures, aerospace propulsion, dynamics and controls, etc
Companies: Some of the best recruiters in this field are Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Civil Aviation Department, Air India, India Space Research Organization (ISRO) and others.
Thanks to Anjana Krishnan | #Top #Engineering #Industries #India