Genesis, Big-Bang and Light-Year

The Big Bang happened 13.8 billion years ago. Accordingly, this is the distance that the observable universe can extend, namely 13.8 billion light years. We can further suppose that space-time beyond that distance could be a different universe and that therefore there could be multiuniverses or multiverses.

We argue about the Big Bang that created our universe. What if there was more than one big bang? This assumption can lead to the existence of a multiverse.

For the religious readers it should be noted that the conflict between Genesis from the perspective of the Bible and the Big Bang from the perspective of scientists is not resolved here. There is no compatibility between the two. Suffice it to say that there are fundamental differences in the order of events, in the time scale, and even in the future prediction of our destiny. On the one hand God will protect us and there will be a resurrection in the future and on the other hand the earth will cool and we will perish. The Bible tells us that the universe was created by God in a supernatural way and the Big Bang tells us that it was created and evolved naturally. We cannot bridge the billions of years of creation with thousands of years according to the Bible.

It is fascinating to listen to the explanations of orthodox physicists. Some would try to explain that there is no contradiction since God also created the Big Bang or the Day of God perhaps millions of years ago. Other orthodox physicists would simply accept the conflict and not attempt to combine belief with scientific evidence. However, it is a common belief that there was a starting point for creation. It is impossible to bridge the gap between different views of creation. It is particularly difficult for the orthodox group to accept the facts of archaeological evidence from dinosaurs, Neanderthals, or Darwinian theories.

We live in a three dimensional world or four when we consider space and time. What if there are more than four dimensions? Accordingly, we could have other worlds in other dimensions, which could lead to the concept of parallel universes.

Is the speed of light the same everywhere? Or can space/matter travel faster than the speed of light?

According to the special theory of relativity, a particle traveling at subluminal speed needs infinite energy to accelerate to the speed of light.

What if we have unusually warped regions of spacetime, where matter can reach distant places in less time than light could reach in an undistorted spacetime?
In this case we have a transmission that is faster than the speed of light.

Background and known facts.

A light year is a unit of astronomical distance equal to the distance light travels in one year, 1 light year = 9.4605284 × 1015 meters or 9.4607 × 1012 km (nearly 6 trillion miles or 9 trillion km). 9460730472580800 meters exactly. Light travels at 300,000 kilometers (186,000 miles) per second. The speed of light has its known and accepted value only when measured in a vacuum. The speed of light is independent of the observer’s motion and does not change with time or place.

Light slows down in air, water, and glass. The slowdown is the index of refraction of that medium.

Particle of light, the photon, is massless or very small if it is not zero. If mass were not zero, the speed of light would not be constant. Standard time is adjusted by adding or subtracting a leap second from time to time. Due to the tidal forces between the Earth, Sun and Moon, the Earth’s rotation slows down by about 1/100,000 second per year.

The theories and basic measurements related to light years are widely accepted, but as we leave this galaxy there may be many inaccuracies and further calculations and validation are required to sustain these theories and calculations developed for our galaxy. When we leave our universe, these calculations could be inaccurate or even outdated.

In his new theory, Einstein argued that the speed of light changes. In his book [Einstein, 1920] “Relativity: The Special and General Theory,” he wrote: According to general relativity, the law of the constancy of the speed of light in a vacuum, which is one of the two basic assumptions of special relativity, cannot claim unlimited validity. Bending of light rays can only take place when the speed of propagation of the light varies with position. In special relativity, the speed of light is constant when measured in any inertial frame. In general relativity, the appropriate generalization is that the speed of light is constant in any free-falling frame.

There are billions of people on earth. Our earth orbits the sun in our solar system. Our Sun is one star among billions in the Milky Way. Our Milky Way is one of billions of galaxies in our universe. A galaxy is a large collection of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity.

A wormhole, or Einstein-Rosen bridge, is a hypothetical topological feature that would essentially be a shortcut through spacetime. A wormhole is a theoretical passage through spacetime that could create shortcuts for long journeys across the universe. It’s like a tunnel with two ends, each at separate points in space-time. A space-time tunnel could exist in the middle of the Milky Way through which we could travel. Wormholes are areas where space and time are bent so that distant points are now closer together. Einstein predicted the existence of wormholes in his General Theory of Relativity in 1935.

The Möbius strip is a surface with only one side and only one boundary.

What if theory.

We assume that light year (LY) is a constant, or LY=c, where c=constant. In general, we can assume that LY=f(c, x1, x2,… ,xn) where {x1, x2,… ,xn} are variables that can be zero, which means that LY=c with would match the acceptable terminology or calculations.

But what if one of the xi-s has a non-zero value?

This assumption can obviously affect the value of LY. Such xi-s can be those parameters that can slow down or speed up the speed of light and thus affect LY.

What factors perhaps in the group of xi -s?

The answer could be: wormholes, bubbles, black holes, the expansion of the universe, etc. These and other parameters are to be considered for time warps within and between galaxies and/or multiverses.

Assume that normal calculation says that the measured distance (d) is LY (k) to go from earth (e) to planet (b), which is n years in time

My hypothesis is that this formula is not commutative, that is:

d(e,b) ≠ d(b,e) especially when measured by two observers, one from e and one from b.

But even if they are equal or very close to equality, the time can differ significantly

t(d(e,b)) ≠ t(d(b,e)) ≠ n

What if an observer on Planet-b could get here to Earth in half the time, n/2 years? What does that mean? Obviously this should mean that the original calculation was wrong, mainly because we assumed LY to be a constant.

Let’s assume that on the path between Earth in our galaxy and planet-b in another galaxy or universe, there are chains of black holes and/or wormholes held together by combined gravitational forces, and everything that’s on a Path lies within a complex multiple Möbius strip.

In this case, the actual distance between Earth and Planet-b would be much less than the calculated LY, which follows the path of the Möbius strip, where light is bent along the Möbius strip according to gravitational forces.

If we are able to verify the existence of any element of {x1, x2,… ,xn} then we will be able to prove this theory about the inaccuracy of the LY calculation.

If so, then we could reach stars that are unreachable today in much less time than calculated.

Thanks to Dr Giora Ram | #Genesis #BigBang #LightYear

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