Basics of dog training

Every dog ​​needs to know how to treat their owner. For the harmonious relationship between them, the owner needs to give the dog some time and explain a few words, what they mean and how the dog should react to them. This is called dog training. Words used in dressage are called controls.

Every dog ​​is trainable, but it’s good to know them because they’re all so different. Some are shy, some like to play, some are aggressive and some are very lazy. All dogs are able to understand some basic commands that help homeowners communicate with them.


Basic commands for a dog: We always use the same word for the control. distance, sit, lay down, wait, stop, leg, voice, get, leave, drop, hop, stop, forward, back, around, past, walk…

1. Commands that the dog slowly learns, one at a time. When he knows the first command, it begins to perceive others. First we teach the dog the simple commands sit, paw, lie and wait.

2. Every dog ​​is not for all controls and all games. The dog inherits the instincts of its breed. If we expect the same behavior from a poodle as a German shepherd, we will be disappointed. Any breed of dog is great for some jobs, but just doesn’t cut it for others.

3. Give your pup time to make you poor. If they learn new commands (sit..) first, he will only obey for a split second. Then we praise him. Next time he sits longer. When we teach the animal, we play with them between commands. The dog should have more time for play than for training during the lesson.

4. When the dog learns some controls, we add sounds and noises to the controls. The dog must always obey. Noises and noises: a ball, crackling toys, running around it, throwing the treats around…

5. Distance between dogs and owners If we are teaching the dog to sit in front of or next to the dog he is teaching, they should not be more than one meter apart. If it is more than a meter away, it draws attention to everything but the controls.

6. Different places. Once the dog has learned to sit on command, you need to get him used to sitting both indoors and outdoors, or in the middle of town. 6.1. different ground surfaces The dog sits on different ground surfaces on cement floor, grass, sand, earth, seat, surf, table, bench…

7. We control one after the other in different sequences a sitting, lying down, voice, jumping, distance b. leg, voice, wait, rest, voice c. Distance, sit, hop, sit, wait. 7.1. Train the dog in different situations a walk around the city, in front of the ATM without a leash, in the elevator…

8. Train the dog to a different time of day: morning, noon, afternoon, evening, night.

9. We practice different positions and different controls in a series from sitting to lying, lying to hopping…

10. We exercise the dog by changing positions between controls: we are on a chair, lying on the floor, standing on a ladder, hanging from a tree, standing on slides or measuring.

11. Practice the dog in a quiet voice, whispering and loud, singing.

12. DO NOT practice with the animal if you are not in the mood.

13. Exercise the dog for a few minutes several times a day, preferably every day. If the dog is used to the training, do not do it for more than 20 minutes.

14. Every session with a dog should be fun for both the dog and the owner. Under the controls are always short games with the dogs.

15. We praise the dog when it obeys and ignore it when it disobeys. Do not feed the dog treats during training as he will always be looking at them. The dog is more obedient to love than to food.

16. We do not punish, hit or yell at the dog. We work with him on friendly terms.

17. Don’t make fun of the dog during training. This insults and humiliates him.

18. We refrain from stroking the head during training. This is a humiliation for a working and obedient dog.

19. Patience. Sometimes the dog doesn’t understand what we want from him. That may annoy us. Then the training is stopped and within minutes we try to say what else we want.

20. The trainer needs to know and imagine what he wants from his dog. If the trainer isn’t clear about what they want, the dog won’t know what’s expected of them.

21. The trainer uses a dog’s name in the controls Sit Tarzan, Tarzan Distance,… the dog loves his name and likes to hear it, so he will act more obediently to the command.

22. Order of control: attention, command, demonstration, praise.

Thomas Grace

Thanks to Thomas Grace | #Basics #dog #training

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