SharePoint Latest Interview Questions And Answers For Freshers in 2017

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What is SharePoint?

SharePoint is a web-based collaborative platform that integrates with Microsoft Office.

Microsoft SharePoint is an extensible platform that provides a range of products that can help companies with a solution for a variety of business needs.

What are the core features of SharePoint?

The core features of SharePoint are as follows:

  • SharePoint Sites makes it easy to create websites.

  • SharePoint Communities play their part in collaborating with other peoples.

  • Contents makes SharePoint a real CMS (Content Management System)

  • The search engine offers an intelligent and efficient search for company content.

  • Insights bring together information from different data sources.

  • Composition makes SharePoint an extensible platform and extends its capabilities by using different tools like SharePoint Designer etc.

What is a SharePoint farm?

SharePoint farm is a collection of one or more SharePoint servers working together to provide a range of SharePoint services. Servers in a SharePoint farm typically share resources and have a single central configuration database.

Web Applications vs. Site Collections vs. Sites in SharePoint?

  • Web application is a collection of site collections in SharePoint OR in the order that a site collection is in a web application.

  • The site collection in SharePoint is a collection of SharePoint sites that share common features such as content types, templates, site columns, permissions, web parts, and so on.

  • SharePoint site is basically a website. With SharePoint we can create websites of certain types like personal website, team website, social media website, blog or wiki website etc.

What is the concept of content type in SharePoint?

  • SharePoint is about content, so content-type is a reusable collection of settings and metadata to represent a specific type of content. For example, a Student Content-Type can contain a set of metadata such as student enrollment ID, name, enrollment year, and so on.

  • Content type in SharePoint makes it easier to organize content in a more meaningful way. It supports the inheritance of traits, behaviors and appearances.

What are master pages in SharePoint?

  • Master pages in SharePoint serve the same purpose as ASP.NET master pages. Certain parts of a webpage usually stay the same, like header, footer or navigation bar etc. So we create master pages with these common parts to achieve a consistent look and feel for a SharePoint site.

There are many benefits to using master pages, including:

  • Common controls in one place

  • Write less code and centralized updating

  • Better user experience

  • flexibility

  • Easier administration of SharePoint sites

What is a site?

A site is a collection of web pages that store information in an organized manner. It stores a list of documents, discussions, events, tasks, and many other types of information. The website provides controlled access to share information between users.

What is a subpage?

A subsite is an individual SharePoint within a site collection. A subsite can inherit permissions and navigation structure from its parent site, or it can be specified and managed independently.

What is a list?

A SharePoint list is a collection of records related to an entity such as a student, staff member, etc. These types of records in the lists are called items. A list contains columns or fields that define the item data or metadata.

What is a document library?

A document library allows users to easily upload, store, share, collaborate, and track any document or file.

What is an image library?

An image library allows users to easily upload, store, share, collaborate and track images or digital images.

What is versioning?

  • Versioning allows for updates, recovery, and tracking of items in a list or in a library as they change.

  • Versioning uses version numbers to track changes.

What is a web application in SharePoint?

  • In SharePoint, the web application is nothing more than an IIS website.

  • We can create a web application from Central Admin.

  • We can extend the web application in different zones once the web application is created.

What is a site collection in SharePoint?

  • A site collection is nothing more than a series of sites.

  • Each site collection has the top-level site.

  • There can be multiple site collections in a web application, and each site collection can have multiple child sites.

What is a farm in SharePoint?

  • The farm is a collection of SharePoint servers with the same configuration database.

  • The configuration database stores all the information needed to run the farm.

  • Each company is managed by a central administration.

What are site columns?

Site columns are predefined data columns that are reused in different content types. A content type is actually a collection of site columns.

What is a site definition?

A site definition is a collection of files. the files are e.g. B. ONET.XML that defines the site template.

What do you mean by MOS?

  • MOSS stands for Microsoft Office SharePoint Server.

  • It is the complete version of a portal-based platform for creating, managing and sharing documents and web services together.

What is ONET.xml?

  • The Onet.xml file specifies all of the components that are included in a site. It is considered the core of a site definition.

  • It is present at the following location:

%SharePointRoot%\TEMPLATE\SiteTemplates\XML\Onet.xml

What are the different classes in the server object model from a development perspective?

The following are the classes in the server object model from a development perspective:

  • SPFarm

  • SPWebApplication

  • SPSite

  • SP Web

  • SP List

  • SPListItem

  • SPDocumentLibrary

Explain content types in SharePoint?

  • A content type is a WSS type definition that is flexible and reusable.

  • It is used to define the columns and behavior for an item in a list or a document in a document library.

Do you distinguish between library and list?

  • The library is used to store the document while lists are the containers of similar items in the form of rows and columns.

  • Core documents like Word, Excel, and PowerPoint can be created using a library, while you cannot create a document from a list. The list can be used to attach a document.

What do you mean by field control?

  • Field controls are ASP.NET 2.0 server controls. They provide basic field functions in SharePoint.

  • They also provide basic general functionality like viewing or editing list data as it appears on SharePoint list pages.

What are the different types of input forms that can be created for a workflow?

Four types of input forms can be created for a workflow:

  • association form

  • initiation form

  • change form

  • task processing form

Declare an ancestral type. How is it related to content types?

  • A supertype is the base type from which the typed content is derived.

  • It defines the metadata fields included in the custom content type.

Explain Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server?

  • SharePoint Portal Server is a portal server that connects people, teams and knowledge across business processes.

  • It integrates information from different systems into one secure solution through single sign-on and enterprise application integration capabilities.

  • It offers flexible deployment and management tools and facilitates end-to-end collaboration through data aggregation, organization and search.

  • By customizing and personalizing portal content and layout, as well as through audience targeting, it enables users to find relevant information quickly.

Thanks to Jasmine Hery | #SharePoint #Latest #Interview #Questions #Answers #Freshers

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